As a music nerd, I’ve always enjoyed end of year ‘best of’ lists. They are amusing, but are almost almost always ranked by what album is ‘better’ than another. Unsurprisingly, there is a lot of futzing about what ‘better’ means and pressure to rank something one way because that’s what the cool kids do.

Yawn. What’s more interesting to me is what people people have ACTUALLY been listening to. Fortunately, Last.FM keeps track of exactly that. It’s a great service, and I highly recommend it for music lovers. (By the way, if you are a user, you should add me me as a friend!)

Although Last.FM will tell you what your most listened to albums in the last year are, it doesn’t exactly answer the question I have - what albums did I listen to the most that came out in the last year?

In December of 2010, I threw together a website (source here) to answer this question. My two goals for the project were to work on my JavaScript skills a bit, and not have to pay for hosting. As such, I wrote it entirely with client side JS (using this Last.FM JS library), and hosted it on GitHub pages. You can still see the home page, and what an actual list looked like.

Naturally, opening up one of these lists is a bit slow because the browser has lots of API calls to make to actually build the list. But hey, it met all the requirements I set up.

For the end of 2012, I wanted to update the project, but with two different goals: make pages load FAST, and make it not so ugly. The result? (hosting / URL longevity not guaranteed).

The landing page

This time around, I opted to make to use Rails since it’s what I use at my day job. (Although we are few versions behind there, and I figured doing some work at HEAD would be educational).

Most designers/developers will immediately notice that I used Twitter’s excellent Bootstrap framework to make the front end look nice. I heavily leaned on album art to make things pretty, which I think worked out well.

Not surprisingly, the back end is super simple. I totally skipped on ActiveRecord/SQL persistence, and instead just used Redis to store three things:

  • Caching Last.FM API calls
  • A Resque job to make all the necessary calls for a page
  • A list of users who have all of their API calls cached

When a user tries to hit their list page (with a url like, Rails checks Redis to see if the necessary API calls to build out their page have been cached. At first, the answer is no, so a ‘waiting’ page is immediately rendered, and a Resque job to fetch all the needed data is queued.

The waiting page

This Resque job will pull a few pages of the most listened to albums by that user in the last month, and then for every album in that list, album info is fetched to see what it’s release date was. often has incorrect data on this, so the MusicBrainz API is checked as a fall back. All of these calls are cached into Redis, and after all of them have been made, their username is added to the list.

Meanwhile, the waiting page has been polling to see if their data is ready yet - and once their name is in the list, the page reloads, and their albums appear.

My page of albums from 2012. It actually scrolls down quiet a bit.

I posted the site to Twitter, Facebook and Reddit on January 8, and got moderate traffic throughout the day - about 1500 uniques when all was said and done. I was just running the site off the lowest tier Linode VPS, so I was a bit worried all day about the server keeping up - particularly, about Redis running out memory.

Slowly watching the available memory get eaten up

In theory, as more users went to the site, more API calls would already be cached and the memory usage wouldn’t grow as fast. Not sure that really worked out though. Fortunately, I never quiet ran out of space, so didn’t have to figure out a scheme to fix this. Regardless, I still think Redis was a good choice because it made development/deployment fast.

How fast? Almost all list requests were process within 100ms. Mission accomplished!

As always, the source for this project is up on Github. In the future, I would like to do more work to make my Last.FM history more browseable/digestable. Perhaps for Albums of 2013?

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